The category nuts officially covers achenes with a stony or woody husk that becomes extremely hard when ripe. Examples include chestnuts, acorns, beechnuts and hazelnuts. However, in cooking, all types of large oily fruits with a stone are called nuts. This includes almonds, cashew nuts, pistachios, coconuts, macadamia nuts, pecan nuts, peanuts and walnuts. Nuts can be used as a substitute for meat and contain a significant amount of unsaturated fat, iron, vitamin E and vitamin B.
Basic techniques: roasting, confiting, frying, deep-frying, caramelising, puréeing, smoking.
Taste combinations: chocolate, sugar, honey, apple, cheese, cream, orange, maple syrup, pear, plum.